Joi Scientific’s mission to expedite the world’s transition to clean and affordable hydrogen energy, available to all, is based on what we call Hydrogen 2.0. This is the industry term for the type of hydrogen-based energy that can finally make a difference in the world today and for generations to come.
Abundant, affordable and clean energy is no longer a promise
Hydrogen 2.0 is the holistic approach to efficiently extracting hydrogen from water molecules and taking it to market without the limitations of expensive infrastructure. Both are equally crucial to realizing the promise of a hydrogen-powered society. Therefore, we would like to dedicate this week’s post to exploring the three pillars that make Hydrogen 2.0 possible.
The first pillar of Hydrogen 2.0 is the transformational shift in the creation of hydrogen and in the way it is taken to market. Both are necessary ingredients in order to call any energy “plentiful.”
Let’s go deeper. Before Hydrogen 2.0, you could not call hydrogen an abundant source of energy because it was, for all practical purposes, unavailable to society as a whole.
Despite being the universe’s most abundant element, hydrogen’s use was restricted by the challenges of how to harvest its energy. The problem being that traditional hydrogen production is a centralized process that requires a specialized and expensive infrastructure for safe storage and distribution. The infrastructural barriers have constrained hydrogen’s availability and to this day, hydrogen fuel is only used for specialized applications. Traditional hydrogen is not the kind of energy source that could compete alongside hydrocarbons or renewables.
Here is where Hydrogen 2.0 changes the game. Hydrogen 2.0 is the localized production of hydrogen energy at the point-of-use. It is based on efficient extraction technology that produces hydrogen gas from water. Because this fuel is produced on-demand, where and when it is needed, it can leverage the existing infrastructure for liquid fuel storage and transportation, making it truly available to all. This availability also augments renewables, such as solar and wind, which are not available 24/7, nor in every part of the world.
Hydrogen 2.0 is energy everyone can access.
Affordable energy is the second pillar of Hydrogen 2.0. To compete alongside hydrocarbons and renewables, hydrogen fuel must be made at yields that are cost-competitive to alternatives. It also requires a paradigm shift in the supply chain so that “affordable” also means a source of energy with stable and predictable pricing.
For perspective, in the past, the energy required to harvest hydrogen from water made it expensive. This is because of the relatively low yields generated by electrolysis, which is the traditional process to separate hydrogen from its oxygen bond in the water molecule.
Regarding stability in pricing, one needs to look beyond traditional hydrogen (since it was a niche fuel). Pricing stability is something hydrocarbons have never provided. Pricing volatility is a dual-edged sword: high oil prices make it unaffordable for developing economies while low prices offer little incentive for companies and governments to make hydrocarbons available to all.
Hydrogen 2.0 eliminates the need for expensive compromises. It can be produced in abundance on a cost-competitive basis to other energy alternatives without requiring subsidies. Because it is produced from nature’s most abundant substance, water, it is also an energy source with an unprecedented level of predictability in pricing stability.
Hydrogen 2.0 is energy everyone can afford, in both developed and developing economies.
The final pillar of Hydrogen 2.0 is as clear as water. Literally.
Zero emissions is Hydrogen 2.0’s answer to the urgent calls for taking action on climate change. In particular, zero emissions results from having a clean process in both the production and the consumption ends.
Here’s why. On the production side, traditional hydrogen fuel processes require high amounts of energy as well as emit an average of 5 kilograms of greenhouse gasses for every 1 kilogram of hydrogen produced. In addition to not being very environmentally friendly, this made the cost of traditional hydrogen too high for widespread adoption. The Hydrogen 2.0 extraction process frees hydrogen from water molecules without chemicals, catalysts or electrolysis, and without any greenhouse gas emissions. This is huge: it finally makes hydrogen fuel cost-competitive and clean.
On the consumption side, things are just as clear. The Hydrogen 2.0 process returns only clean water back into the environment. This is because burning hydrogen as a fuel results in nothing but pure water. In places where purifying water is not an option, the Hydrogen 2.0 process could provide a valuable source of pure drinking water.
Hydrogen 2.0 is energy everyone can drink.
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Photography courtesy of Silicon Valley entrepreneur and photographer Christopher Michel.
As the Hydrogen 2.0 ecosystem gains momentum, we’ll be sharing our views and insights on the new Hydrogen 2.0 Economy. We also update our blog every week with insightful and current knowledge in this growing energy field.